Introduction to File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

Overview

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.

FTP is built on a client-server architecture and uses separate control and data connections between the client and the server.[1] FTP users may authenticate themselves using a clear-text sign-in protocol, normally in the form of a username and password, but can connect anonymously if the server is configured to allow it. For secure transmission that hides (encrypts) the username and password, and encrypts the content, SSH File Transfer Protocol may be used.

The first FTP client applications were interactive command-line tools, implementing standard commands and syntax. Graphical user interfaces have since been developed for many of the popular desktop operating systems in use today including general web design programs like Microsoft Expression Web, and specialist FTP clients such as CuteFTP

Learning Objectives

* What is FTP and why was it created
* Who benefits from FTP and why?
* What are the free and most commonly used FTP programs?

Activities

Review the following resources and respond to the learning outcomes above.

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